5G private networks

The following page provides an overview of 5G private networks followed by a searchable table of major private network projects in the EU.

The section on 5G private networks focuses on the EU countries that are deploying commercial private 5G networks. Private networks are best defined as those networks that are not typically utilised by consumers (for mobile voice and data services) but use network elements and resources to provide dedicated secure services to private enterprises such as factories, plants, large campuses, ports and airports. The architecture models can vary from completely private networks (all network elements owned and operated by the enterprise), through to a hybrid approach whereby a managed service provider or public operators provide access to their network infrastructure assets and/or spectrum. The diagram below has been extracted from the 5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation (5G-ACIA) which shows the different private cellular network architecture options that can be implemented in non-public network scenarios (primarily aimed at industrial networks).

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Private cellular network architecture models (Source 5G-ACIA)

The roll out of private 5G networks is still in a relatively early growth phase that will be an important contributor to the continued productivity of Member States and adoption of new technologies for enterprises that will support the ongoing development of the 5G ecosystem.

There is particular interest by the Commission on which spectrum bands are used across different Member States for the deployment of private networks, noting that currently a limited set of frequencies are being used in some Member States. Notably, the decision by the regulator in Germany to allocate a dedicated 100 MHz portion in the 3.7 -3.8 GHz range for use by verticals enabling so-called 5G campus networks.

An update of the status and progress of private 5G network deployments is given for each Member State using the following structure:

  • Identifies each private network per country based on published information
  • Identifies which companies are deploying private networks including operators andvendors involved
  • Identifies the sectors in which private 5G networks are being deployed
  • The spectrum band being used where information is available.

The list of private 5G networks in the table below is based on research of publicly available information. It is a non-exhaustive list and the Observatory team endeavour to obtain as much information on published private 5G network deployments as possible.

Latest News in Europe

Belgian regulator considers spectrum for private 5G networks

BIPT is consulting on a proposal to open up the 3.8-4.2 GHz band for 5G private networks.

Orange Belgium deploys Standalone 5G

Together with partners Ericsson, Nokia and Oracle, the mobile operator is deploying a 5G Standalone core network on a cloud-native architecture.

Tele2 Lithuania launches 5G

The service will use recently acquired spectrum from the country’s 5G auctions.

Spain and Portugal trial first 5G autonomous public transport

The 5G-driven public transport system had its first run crossing the Spanish-Portuguese border.

European operators pilot 5G holographic calls

Deutsche Telekom, Orange, Telefonica and Vodafone Group teamed up with company Matsuko for a trial to make holographic calls employing 5G and edge computing.

Estonia and Latvia sign a coordination agreement for 3.6 GHz

The new cross-border agreement ensures better 5G coverage without interference.

EU telcos say streaming companies should make “fair contribution” to 5G network investment

The comments relate to a wider political debate about whether the “over-the-top” players which generate so much network traffic should contribute to network costs.

5G Stand Alone with network slicing launched in Finland

A deal with Nokia will allow the Finnish operator Telia to boost its broadband offering by providing Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) using a dedicated slice of its 5G network.

5G Observatory workshop scheduled for 20th October

The 5G Observatory will be holding its 4th Stakeholder Workshop online on Thursday, 20th October between 10:30 – 13:30.

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