European 5G scoreboard

Overview of 5G developments

This page provides an overview of the state of 5G in the European Union. Below you will find maps and charts about 5G population coverage, 5G rollout and 5G spectrum awards.

Map: 5G coverage

Darker green indicates higher coverage

≤20% ≥20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

72% population coverage achieved in EU27

Please note: Overall coverage is a general indicator that does not presume any particular quality of service measures. All 5G coverage is included, including that using dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS). Location covered by at least one operator.

Sources: Data on population coverage, base stations and spectrum assignments is from the DESI index. This data is supplemented with data independently collected by the Observatory

Chart: 5G base stations as a percentage of existing 4G base stations

Total of 256,074 5G base stations by end of 2021 in EU27

Please note: Only the total number of 5G base stations is known for some EU countries. This means the true total number of base stations in the EU in 700 MHz, 3.6 GHz or DSS bands may be higher. Excludes Italy, Estonia and Sweden as there was no base station data available. Additionally, some countries use bands that are not included in this chart and do not operate using a DSS configuration.

Chart: Percentage of pioneer bands assigned

64% of pioneer bands assigned

Please note: Countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score.

Map: Pioneer bands assigned by country

Please note: Countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score. 

International 5G scoreboard

Overview of 5G developments

This page provides an overview of the state of 5G internationally. Below you will find tables and charts about 5G rollout and 5G spectrum awards in major international markets.

Table: Comparison of 5G rollout in international markets

Please note: There may be discrepancies between the reported figures, as the method for calculating the number of base stations is not standardised between regions.

Sources: Data on subscriber numbers and base stations were collected from various sources including regulator announcements.

Chart: Assigned 5G spectrum in international markets (EU data represents average spectrum assigned)

Please note: For the EU, data on spectrum assigned has been averaged out across all EU27. Some individual countries may have more spectrum assigned for 5G, while some may have less or none.

USA data shows all spectrum made available to mobile operators by the FCC. Not all of this spectrum will have been sold to operators so the final amount of spectrum assigned to operators may be slightly lower.

 For further information about methodology, see page 32 in the full 5G Observatory report 15.

Table: Assigned 5G spectrum bands in international markets

Latest News in Europe

Finland and South Korea to collaborate on 6G

The new research project will develop a system architecture for 6G.

ETNO says Europe’s 5G rollout is lagging behind global peers

The association says although 5G coverage has increased, Europe is not as advanced the United States, South Korea and China.

Bite Lithuania claims 5G speed record ahead of launch

The mobile operator says it achieved speeds of 2.679 Gbps.

European Commission launches second call for 6G projects

The application period will begin on January 17 and end on April 25.

European Commission to fund 5G research for defence applications

A new consortium brings together vendors, technology companies and research institutes from 11 EU Member States.

Spain to offer up €60 million for 5G projects

The funding will be available for 5G projects in areas of tourism, security and connected vehicles.

German telecoms regulator reviews 5G coverage targets

Deutsche Telekom, Telefonica and Vodafone all claim to have largely met the coverage obligations.

France issues €750 million call for 5G and 6G projects

The French government is supporting research and development (R&D) projects on advanced 5G and future network generations.

A1 Slovenia records a 45% increase in data usage in 2022

The operator also says its 5G network now reaches 66% of the country’s population.

all news in Europe
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