European 5G scoreboard

Overview of 5G developments

This page provides an overview of the state of 5G in the European Union. Below you will find maps and charts about 5G population coverage, 5G rollout and 5G spectrum awards.

Map: 5G coverage

Darker green indicates higher coverage

≤20% ≥20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

81% population coverage achieved in EU27

Please note: Overall coverage is a general indicator that does not presume any particular quality of service measures. All 5G coverage is included, including that using dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS). Location covered by at least one operator.

Sources: Data on population coverage, base stations and spectrum assignments is from the DESI index. This data is supplemented with data independently collected by the Observatory

Chart: 5G base stations as a percentage of existing 4G base stations

Total of 310,000 5G base stations in EU27

Please note: Only the total number of 5G base stations is known for some EU countries. This means the true total number of base stations in the EU in 700 MHz, 3.6 GHz or DSS bands may be higher. Some countries use bands that are not included in this chart and do not operate using a DSS configuration. Additionally, the reference periods and number of base stations may vary for Member States due to the different timing of the provided data (e.g., end of 2022, Q1 of 2023)

Chart: Percentage of pioneer bands assigned

68% of pioneer bands assigned

Please note: Countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score.

Map: Pioneer bands assigned by country

Please note: Countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score. 

International 5G scoreboard

Overview of 5G developments

This page provides an overview of the state of 5G internationally. Below you will find tables and charts about 5G rollout and 5G spectrum awards in major international markets.

Table: Comparison of 5G rollout in international markets

Please note: There may be discrepancies between the reported figures, as the method for calculating the number of base stations is not standardised between regions.

Sources: Data on subscriber numbers and base stations were collected from various sources including regulator announcements.

Chart: Authorised 5G spectrum in international markets

Please note: For the EU, the data represents spectrum that is harmonized across the EU27. Some individual countries may have more spectrum assigned for 5G, while some may have less or none.

USA data shows all spectrum made available to mobile operators by the FCC. Not all of this spectrum will have been sold to operators so the final amount of spectrum assigned to operators may be slightly lower.

 For further information about methodology, see the section on ‘5G Spectrum comparison between EU and other world regions’ in the full 5G Observatory report.

Table: Main bands authorised for 5G in international markets

Latest News in Europe

Swedish regulator sees drop in number of mobile voice calls as 5G use grows

The number of voice calls has decreased for the first time, while 5G now accounts for 14% of subscriptions.

KPN tests 5G Standalone technology

The Dutch mobile operator said it successfully tested 5G standalone (SA) technology in its network.

Telia and Ericsson announce Baltics’ first enterprise 5G private network in Tallinn

The network represents a “significant step in the region’s digital transformation, accelerating business operations and fostering innovations,” the companies said.

Frankfurt pilot transforms street lamps into 5G hotspots

A pilot project by 5G-Synergiewerk GmbH, telecom provider O2 Telefónica and energy supplier Mainova is converting street lights into 5G spots to densify the city’s 5G network.

Vodafone group to cut 11,000 jobs

The company’s new CEO Margherita Della Valle has outlined her strategy to restore growth.

Belgium’s Citymesh gets Nokia Drone Networks platform

Nokia says it will provide 70 Drone-in-a-Box units to Citymesh for its emergency response product.

1&1 to launch 5G in Q3 2023

The German operator has set out new 5G rollout goals, following a failure to hit previous base station targets.

5G Observatory releases latest report and scoreboard

The latest report records increases in pioneer band spectrum assignments, as well as 5G coverage.

Citymesh and Digi to deploy Dense Air small cells platform

The Belgian operator has announced a partnership with infrastructure provider Dense Air Networks.

all news in Europe
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