European 5G scoreboard

Overview of 5G developments

This page provides an overview of the state of 5G in the European Union. Below you will find maps and charts about 5G population coverage, 5G rollout and 5G spectrum awards.

Map: 5G coverage

Darker green indicates higher coverage

≤20% ≥20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

72% population coverage achieved in EU27

Please note: Overall coverage is a general indicator that does not presume any particular quality of service measures. All 5G coverage is included, including that using dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS). Location covered by at least one operator.

Sources: Data on population coverage, base stations and spectrum assignments is from the DESI index. This data is supplemented with data independently collected by the Observatory

Chart: 5G base stations as a percentage of existing 4G base stations

Total of 256,074 5G base stations by end of 2021 in EU27

Please note: Only the total number of 5G base stations is known for some EU countries. This means the true total number of base stations in the EU in 700 MHz, 3.6 GHz or DSS bands may be higher. Excludes Italy, Estonia and Sweden as there was no base station data available. Additionally, some countries use bands that are not included in this chart and do not operate using a DSS configuration.

Chart: Percentage of pioneer bands assigned

62% of pioneer bands assigned

Please note: Countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score.

Map: Pioneer bands assigned by country

Please note: Countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score. 

Latest News in Europe

Vodafone remotely controls train using 5G

The German mobile operator has successfully completed a trial in which a train was controlled remotely from over 340km away.

European Commission greenlights 5G on planes

The Commission says this decision will pave the way for the widespread deployment of on-board 5G.

Vodafone Spain launches 5G home broadband service

The operator has launched its “5G Home” service which was first revealed during Mobile World Congress earlier this year.

5G Observatory workshop summary now available

Slides from the 4th 5G Observatory stakeholder workshop have also been made available.

79% of Germany now covered by 5G

A new report from the German telecoms regulator suggests that 5G coverage has increased by nearly 10% since July.

Nokia to lead German 6G sensing project

Nokia will lead the KOMSENS-6G project which is funded by the German government.

Romania completes multi-band auction

Romania has sold licences in the 700 MHz, 1500 MHz, 2.6 GHz and 3.6 GHz bands, yet 24% of the total spectrum remained unsold.

Estonia completes 700 MHz spectrum auction

The country has now awarded 2 out of 3 pioneer 5G spectrum bands.

Deutsche Telekom launches 5G test site at German port

The German mobile operator has begun construction of a private 5G network at the Port of Duisburg.

all news in Europe
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