European 5G scoreboard

Overview of 5G developments

This page provides an overview of the state of 5G in the European Union. Below you will find maps and charts about 5G population coverage, 5G rollout and 5G spectrum awards.

Map: 5G coverage

Darker green indicates higher coverage

≤20% ≥20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

64% population coverage achieved by the end of 2021 in EU27

Please note: Overall coverage is a general indicator that does not presume any particular quality of service measures. All 5G coverage is included, including that using dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS).

Sources: Data of 5G population coverage is based on data from the DESI index. In future quarterly reports, this information will be updated by data collected from the European Commission.

Chart: 5G base stations as a percentage of existing 4G base stations

Total of 147,308 5G base stations

Please note: Only the total number of 5G base stations is known for some EU countries. This means the true total number of base stations in the EU in 700 MHz, 3.6 GHz or DSS bands may be higher. Excludes Italy, Estonia and Sweden as there was no base station data available. Additionally, some countries use bands that are not included in this chart and do not operate using a DSS configuration.

Chart: Percentage of pioneer bands assigned

56% of pioneer bands assigned

Please note: Some numbers are lower than previous reports. This is due to a change in methodology. This chart now uses the DESI 5G readiness indicator which is more accurate as it weighs how much spectrum has been assigned into the final score. Previously if a country assigned some spectrum in a band this would show as 100%. Now countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score.

Map: Pioneer bands assigned by country

Please note: Some numbers are lower than previous reports. This is due to a change in methodology. This chart now uses the DESI 5G readiness indicator which is more accurate as it weighs how much spectrum has been assigned into the final score. Previously if a country assigned some spectrum in a band this would show as 100%. Now countries need to assign 60 MHz in 700 MHz; 400 MHz in 3.6 GHz and 1000 MHz in 26 GHz to receive a 100% score.

Latest News in Europe

The Netherlands to award 3.6 GHz band in late 2023

A special advisory committee to the Dutch government has released its recommendation for moving forward on the delayed spectrum award.

Policy workshop on EU microchips act to take place June 16

A workshop organised by COREnect will discuss steps to achieve European leadership in microelectronics and connectivity.

EU and China lagging behind in mmWave spectrum

The new 5G Observatory report reveals the average EU country has assigned just a fraction of the mmWave spectrum awarded in the USA, South Korea and Japan.

Slovakia completes 3.5 GHz 5G auction

The country’s leading four operators all won licences in the award, which raised a total of €63.6 million.

EU27 achieve 64% 5G population coverage

The new 5G Observatory report reveals a significant increase in the levels of 5G coverage.

Report: greater use of non-pioneer bands linked to lower download speeds

The new 5G Observatory report says two thirds of European mobile operators are including non-pioneer bands in their 5G rollout.

5G Observatory releases new streamlined quarterly report

The 5G Observatory has published its new quarterly report which gives readers an updated overview of major new 5G developments in Europe and international markets.

New industry body offers support and funding for 5G startups

Bouygues Telecom, Cellnex, KPN, MTN, Telefonica and WindTre have come together in a new telco alliance, named Alaian, to connect their innovation ecosystems and support startups in 5G-based ventures.

Cyprus is “first EU country with 100% 5G coverage”

Having recently completed their 5G mobile network, Cyprian operator Cyta claims it now covers the country’s whole population.

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