The city of Barcelona, for instance, is determined to transcend the “smart city” concept and deploy a programme that integrates and coordinates local initiatives, to achieve a truly digital transformation of the services the city offers to its citizens. Barcelona recently launched the 5G Barcelona strategy aimed at facilitating trials and pilots across the city, to become a 5G smart city. 5G Barcelona will have five nodes, to which more will be added, covering up to 20% of the country in 2020.
The European Commission’s action plan of September 2016 confirmed by the EU Council in December 2017 targets the commercial rollout of 5G in at least one major city in every MS by the end of 2020.
Specific cities in Europe announced their plans to become 5G Trial Cities, at the forefront of 5G trials and pilots. At the end of 2017, seventeen Trial Cities had been announced: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin, Espoo, L’Aquila, London, Madrid, Malaga, Matera, Milan, Oulu, Patras, Prato, Stockholm, Tallinn and Turin. In France, nine major regional cities were selected for 5G trials (Bordeaux, Nantes, Grenoble, Douai, Le Havre, Saint-Etienne, Lille, Montpellier and Lyon) in 2018. Tests took place and are still taking place in other cities (including Belfort, Le Vaudreuil/Rouen, Lannion/Rennes Marseille, Nantes, Nice/Sophia-Antipolis, Saint Etienne and Toulouse) alongside with eleven cities in Paris’s suburbs (including Paris, Châtillon, Linas-Monthléry and Saclay). As at August 2018, three additional cities committed themselves to the target: Aveiro, Bristol and Ghent. A non-exhaustive list of 5G Trials Cities include Amsterdam, Aveiro, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin, Bristol, Espoo, Ghent, L’Aquila, London, Madrid, Malaga, Matera, Milan, Oulu, Patras, Prato, Stockholm, Tallinn and Turin.
These trial cities aim to provide support for a variety of technology and service demonstrations carried out during the 5G trialling phase, and provide valuable vertical use cases especially for Smart City concept to validate the trials in real user environments. When compared to the private sector, public entities such as cities usually have different interests even in similar use cases focusing e.g. on eHealth, energy, transport, smart buildings or digital service portals. In all of these domains, shared technology platforms, free access, open data and interfaces as well as the maximal involvement of local ecosystems and residents are common priorities.
- For example, the city of Barcelona is determined to transcend the “Smart City” concept and deploy a programme that integrates and coordinates local initiatives related to a truly digital transformation of the services the city offers to its citizens. Barcelona has just launched the 5GBarcelona strategy towards facilitating the deployment of trials and pilots across the city and so, becoming a 5G smart 5GBarcelona will have 5 nodes, to which more will be added until reaching a deployment of 20% of the territory in 2020.
- The city of Berlin aims to stipulate research and development of 5G technologies, and one of the city’s main strategic interests is to enable an innovation-stipulating environment and technology infrastructure, which can eventually provide the 5G experience to the public on the streets of
- The City of Oulu is challenged to modernize the city governance and processes in the framework of constrained public expenditure and demand for deploying disruptive technologies enabling digitization, automation and robotisation in public service One of the main strategic priorities is to enhance innovation led economic growth and competitiveness of the local economy and for companies to create employment outcomes for the people of Oulu, in order to ensure sustainable and healthy living environment. Arranging broadband connectivity (eMBB) and providing local free 5G network services network for mobile IoT based experiments is the first step to adopt the 5G technologies for citizens and city administration. City also targets people mobility related service trials and offers e.g. traffic- light data as open data for service development…
- Similarly, the City of Patras is aiming at organising, transforming and finally extending its current digital infrastructure into an open platform that will interconnect 5G related technologies. This digital transformation is performed in order to address e-administration issues related to the City of Patras while enhancing the quality of life of its
- City of Bristol as one of the main UK 5G Hub sites, together with University of Bristol, aims especially to demonstrate the 5G technologies for public. The Bristol target has been mainly to show the potential of 5G in shaping the future of social interaction, entertainment, urban planning and public The similar events such as “Layered Realities – Weekend”, arranged in March 2018, are planned for the near future. The promotional video from the event is also available. Bristol alongside Bath will be the home of enhanced visual experiences for tourists using Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality in major local attractions as part of the 5G Smart Tourism project which was awarded GBP5 million in March 2018.
- Telecom operators have announced additional trial cities.
We estimate that there were 248 5G enabled cities at the end of June 2020 (in EU-27 plus UK) including 5G cities identified by Member States in the COCOM survey (questionnaire on action 1 of the 5G Action Plan for Europe) and identified in the 5G pan-European trials roadmap version 4.0 5. Enabled cities include pilot 5G cities and 5G-live cities.
5G Key cities
Source: IDATE DigiWorld
The city of Berlin aims to stimulate 5G technologies research and development, and one of the city’s main strategic goals is to create an innovation-enabling environment and technology infrastructure, which will eventually provide the public with a 5G experience in the streets of Berlin.
Similarly, the City of Patras is working to organise, transform and ultimately expand its current digital infrastructure into an open platform that will interconnect 5G-related technologies. This digital transformation also seeks to address the city’s e-government issues, and improve the quality of life of its citizens.
The City of Oulu is facing the challenge of modernising municipal governance and processes against a backdrop of public budget cuts and a drive to deploy disruptive technologies, to enable the digitisation, automation and robotisation of public service provision. One of the main strategic priorities is to bolster innovation-driven economic growth and the competitiveness of the local economy and businesses, to create employment opportunities for the people of Oulu, and so ensure a sustainable and healthy living environment. Arranging broadband connectivity (eMBB) and providing a free, local 5G services network for mobile IoT-based trials is the first step towards citizens’ and the city government’s adoption of 5G technologies. The city is also focused on mobility-related service trials and making information such as traffic-light data available as open data files for service developments.
As one of the main UK 5G Hub sites, The City of Bristol , together with University of Bristol, is seeking in particular to demonstrate 5G technologies for the public. Bristol’s chief aim has been to show 5G’s potential to shape the future of social interaction, entertainment, urban planning and public safety. Events similar to the “Layered Realities – Weekend”, which took place in March 2018, are planned for near future. The promotional video from the event is also available for viewing. Together, Bristol and Bath will be home to enhanced visual experiences for tourists, using Augmented and Virtual Reality in major local attractions as part of the 5G Smart Tourism project, which was awarded 5 million GBP in March 2018.
In France, nine major regional cities were selected for 5G trials (Belfort, Bordeaux, Douai, Grenoble, Lannion, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Sophia-Antipolis et Toulouse) alongside eleven cities in Paris’s suburbs (including Paris, Châtillon, Linas-Monthléry and Saclay).
Internationally, the most advanced cities in terms of 5G implementation include:
- Los Angeles
- Las Vegas
- New York
- Oklahoma City
- K-City (a fake town built by the country to trial driverless cars)