The city of Barcelona, for instance, is determined to transcend the “smart city” concept and deploy a programme that integrates and coordinates local initiatives, to achieve a truly digital transformation of the services the city offers to its citizens. Barcelona recently launched the 5G Barcelona strategy aimed at facilitating trials and pilots across the city, to become a 5G smart city. 5G Barcelona will have five nodes, to which more will be added, covering up to 20% of the country in 2020.
The European Commission’s action plan of September 2016 confirmed by the EU Council in December 2017 targets the commercial rollout of 5G in at least one major city in every MS by the end of 2020.
Specific cities in Europe announced their plans to become 5G Trial Cities, at the forefront of 5G trials and pilots. At the end of 2017, seventeen Trial Cities had been announced: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin, Espoo, L’Aquila, London, Madrid, Malaga, Matera, Milan, Oulu, Patras, Prato, Stockholm, Tallinn and Turin. In France, nine major regional cities were selected for 5G trials (Belfort, Bordeaux, Douai, Grenoble, Lannion, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Sophia-Antipolis et Toulouse) alongside with eleven cities in Paris’s suburbs (including Paris, Châtillon, Linas-Monthléry and Saclay). As at August 2018, three additional cities committed themselves to the target: Aveiro, Bristol and Ghent. A non-exhaustive list of 5G Trials Cities include Amsterdam, Aveiro, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin, Bristol, Espoo, Ghent, L’Aquila, London, Madrid, Malaga, Matera, Milan, Oulu, Patras, Prato, Stockholm, Tallinn and Turin.
These trial cities aim to provide support for a variety of technology and service demonstrations carried out during the 5G trialling phase, and provide valuable vertical use cases especially for Smart City concept to validate the trials in real user environments. When compared to the private sector, public entities such as cities usually have different interests even in similar use cases focusing e.g. on eHealth, energy, transport, smart buildings or digital service portals. In all of these domains, shared technology platforms, free access, open data and interfaces as well as the maximal involvement of local ecosystems and residents are common priorities.
The city of Berlin aims to stimulate 5G technologies research and development, and one of the city’s main strategic goals is to create an innovation-enabling environment and technology infrastructure, which will eventually provide the public with a 5G experience in the streets of Berlin.
Similarly, the City of Patras is working to organise, transform and ultimately expand its current digital infrastructure into an open platform that will interconnect 5G-related technologies. This digital transformation also seeks to address the city’s e-government issues, and improve the quality of life of its citizens.
The City of Oulu is facing the challenge of modernising municipal governance and processes against a backdrop of public budget cuts and a drive to deploy disruptive technologies, to enable the digitisation, automation and robotisation of public service provision. One of the main strategic priorities is to bolster innovation-driven economic growth and the competitiveness of the local economy and businesses, to create employment opportunities for the people of Oulu, and so ensure a sustainable and healthy living environment. Arranging broadband connectivity (eMBB) and providing a free, local 5G services network for mobile IoT-based trials is the first step towards citizens’ and the city government’s adoption of 5G technologies. The city is also focused on mobility-related service trials and making information such as traffic-light data available as open data files for service developments.
As one of the main UK 5G Hub sites, The City of Bristol , together with University of Bristol, is seeking in particular to demonstrate 5G technologies for the public. Bristol’s chief aim has been to show 5G’s potential to shape the future of social interaction, entertainment, urban planning and public safety. Events similar to the “Layered Realities – Weekend”, which took place in March 2018, are planned for near future. The promotional video from the event is also available for viewing. Together, Bristol and Bath will be home to enhanced visual experiences for tourists, using Augmented and Virtual Reality in major local attractions as part of the 5G Smart Tourism project, which was awarded 5 million GBP in March 2018.
In France, nine major regional cities were selected for 5G trials (Belfort, Bordeaux, Douai, Grenoble, Lannion, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Sophia-Antipolis et Toulouse) alongside eleven cities in Paris’s suburbs (including Paris, Châtillon, Linas-Monthléry and Saclay).
European cities are still in an early stages of 5G deployments. However, European H2020 objectives require every country to launch 5G in at least one city by 2020:
|European Countries||5G Activities
(5G Private Trials and Pilots, 5G National Programmes (incl. Platforms), 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP (Vertical Trials and Pilots and Platforms) and 5G UEFA EURO 2020.
|Austria||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors||
Innsbruck, Linz, Worgl
|Belgium||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors||
Antwerpen, Brussels, Ghent, Leuven
|Bulgaria||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors||
|Croatia||5G Private Trials & Pilots||
|Cyprus||5G Infrastructure PPP||
|Denmark||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
|Estonia||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors,||
|Finland||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5GTNF, 5G Finland, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Espoo, Helsinki, Muonio, Oulu, Sodankylä, Tampere, Turku, Ylivieska, Vantaa
|France||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Bordeaux, Chatillon, Douai, Lannion, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Metz, Montlhery, Nantes, Paris, Paris-Saclay, Nice, Rennes, Toulouse
|Germany||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5GBerlin, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Aachen, Berlin, Bremen, Cologne, Detmold, Hamburg, Merzig, Munich, Reutlingen, Bonn, Darmstadt
~10 commercial 5G cities in March 2020
|Greece||5G Private Trials & Pilots, Athens5Glink, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Athens, Egaleo, Kalamata, Patras, Thessaloniki, Trikala, Zografou
|Hungary||5G Private Trials & Pilots||
|Ireland||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G Infrastructure PPP, 5G UEFA EURO 2020||
Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Waterford, Carlow, Castlebar, Dundalk, Drogheda and Kilkenny
|Italy||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G MiSE, ROMA5G, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP, 5G UEFA EURO 2020||
Bari, Bologna, Genova, L’Aquila, Lucca, Matera, Milan, Naples, Pisa, Prato, Rome, Terni, Turin
|Latvia||5G Private Trials & Pilots||
|Lithuania||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors,||
Kaunas, Riga, Vilnius
|Luxembourg||National Programme (1Q19), 5G test Corridors||
|Netherlands||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G Amsterdam, 5Groningen, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP, 5G UEFA EURO 2020||
Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Rotterdam
|Norway||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Heroya, Kongsberg, Olso, Tromso, Trondheim
|Poland||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors,||
Gliwice, Krakow, Warsaw
|Portugal||5G Private Trials & Pilots, Aveiro5GCity, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Aveiro, Evora, Porto
|Romania||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Alba Iulia City, Cluij-Napoca, Bucharest, Iasi
~10 commercial 5G cities in March 2020
|Serbia||5G test Corridors,||
|Slovenia||5G Infrastructure PPP||
|Spain||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5GBarcelona, 5GTonic, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Barcelona, Bilbao, Cadis, Castelldefels, Ferrol, Gijon, Huelva, Jaén, La Coruña, Logrono, Lugo, Madrid, Málaga, Merida, Pamplona, Sevilla, Talavera de la Reina, San Sebastian, Santander, Segovia, Valencia, Vigo, Vitoria, Zaragoza
~15 commercial 5G cities in March 2020
|Sweden||5G Private Trials & Pilots, 5G test Corridors, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
|Switzerland||5G Private Trials & Pilots||
Burgdorf, Renens, Zurich. 50 cities covered by Swisscom
|United Kingdom||5G Private Trials & Pilots, UK5G, 5G Infrastructure PPP||
Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Coventry, Edinburgh, Ipswich, Guildford/Surrey, London, Manchester, Martlesham, Watford.
~31 commercial 5G cities in March 2020
Source: 5G-IA & IDATE DigiWorld
Internationally, the most advanced cities in terms of 5G implementation include:
- Los Angeles
- Las Vegas
- New York
- Oklahoma City
- K-City (a fake town built by the country to trial driverless cars)