The European Commission’s ambition is to focus on these corridors in future EU automated driving projects in the area of digital policies, with links to cybersecurity, privacy, 5G, internet of things, data economy, free flow of data, etc. In 2017 and 2018, 10 digital cross-border corridors were announced and established live tests of 5G. 3 large-scale projects have been selected on these corridors (5G Carmen, 5G CroCo, 5G Mobix).
5G Connected and Automated Mobility (CAM)
Within the European 5G vertical strategy, Connected and Automated Driving (CAD) is considered as a flagship use case for 5G deployment along European transport paths, in view of creating complete ecosystems around vehicles, beyond the safety services targeted by the Cooperative-Intelligent Transport System (CITS) roadmap of Europe.
These corridors included initially:
- Metz-Merzig-Luxembourg (France, Germany, Luxembourg)
- Rotterdam-Antwerp-Eindhoven (Netherlands, Belgium, Netherlands)
- Porto-Vigo and Merida-Evora (corridor Lisbon – Madrid),
- the E8 “Aurora Borealis” corridor between Tromsø (Norway) and Oulu (Finland) and
- the “Nordic Way” between Sweden, Finland and Norway
These corridors have been expanded during the EC Digital Day in April 2018 with announcements to work to develop corridors between:
- Spain and Portugal
- Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia to expand the corridor Thessaloniki – Sofia – Belgrade,
- The Brenner pass motorway towards Italy (the Brenner motorway connects Innsbruckin Austria to Modena in northern Italy).
The 5G corridors make Europe the biggest experiment area rolling out the 5G technology.
European Automotive – Telecom Alliance (EATA)
The Commission initiated a number of High Level Round Table discussions to strengthen the digital dimension of CAM. These discussions have brought together the industrial players from the digital and automotive sectors to develop joint road maps and establish cross-border deployment actions. Among the main achievements of the Round Table is the creation of the “European Automotive – Telecom Alliance” (EATA) to promote the wider deployment of connected & automated driving (read the announcement) .
The first target of the Alliance is to implement the pre-deployment project for testing CAM in a real setting.
5G Automotive Alliance
In parallel, the industry joined up to create the 5G Automotive Alliance (5GAA) to specifically promote 5G in the automotive sector. A Memorandum of Understanding amongst EATA and 5GAA was signed at the Mobile World Congress (February 2017).
The CAR2CAR consortium focuses on wireless vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication applications based on ITS-G5 and concentrates all efforts on creating standards ensuring the interoperability of cooperative systems spanning all vehicles classes, across borders and brands. The Consortium works in close cooperation with the European and international standardisation organisations like the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) and European Committee for Standardisation (CEN).